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General Information

Country Name

:

Conventional long form

:

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Conventional short form

:

Sri lanka

Former

:

Ceylon

distance

:

Area

:

65,610 sq km

   

Length

:

445 km

   

breadth

:

225 km

Capital


:

Sri Jayewardenepura 

Commercial capital

:

Colombo

Government

:

Sri Lanka, is a free, independent and sovereign nation with a population of 20.3 million (2011 est). Legislative power is exercised by a Parliament, elected by universal franchise on proportional representation basis. A President, who is also elected by the people, exercises executive power including defense. Sri Lanka enjoys a multi party system, and the people vote to elect a new government every six years.

the Population

:

20.3 million

Population Density

:

296 people per sq km

Life Expectancy at Birth

:

76.4 female, 71.7 male (2001 est)

Literacy Rate

:

92.7% (2003 est)

languages

:

Sinhala & Tamil are official language of Sri Lanka.

Sinhala, a language of Indo-Aryan origin is the language of the majority. Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly in North-east Sri Lanka. English is widely spoken and understood. Place names and sign-boards on buses and trains are usually in all three languages.

Ethnic Mix

:

Sihalese, 74.9%; Tamil, 15.4%; Muslim 9.2%; Burgher (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese colonist) and others 0.5% (2012 est)

Religion

:

Buddhism 70.19%; Hinduism 12.61%; Christianity 7.45%; Islam 9.71%

Climate

:

Low lands - tropical, average 27 ° C Central Hills - cooler, with temperatures dropping to 14 ° C. The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July., While the north-eastern monsoon occurs in the north and east in December and January. Sri Lanka boasts of a good climate for holiday-makers throughout the year.

Annual per capital GNP

:

US $ 2580 (2011 est)

Industries

:

Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural commodities; clothing, cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco.

Agriculture - Products

:

Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, roots, spices, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, meat.

Currency

:

Sri Lanka follows decimal currency systilable in the denominations of Rs. 2,10,20,50,100,200, 500,1000,2000, and 5000 in Rupees (Rs.) And cents (Cts.) With 100 cents equal to a rupee. Currency notes are avaCoins are issued in values ​​of Sat.1,2,5,10, 25 and 50 and Rs.1,2,5 and 10. The intervention currency continuously will be the US Dollar.

Visa

:

Consult your local Sri Lanka embassy, ​​consulate, tourist office or your travel agent.

Working Week

:

Sri Lanka works a five-day week, from Monday to Friday.

Business Hours

:

Government offices 8.35 am - 4.15 pm ,, Monday to Friday

Banks

:

9.00 am to 1.00 pm or 3.00 pm Monday to Saturday

Post Office

:

8.30 am- 5.00 pm, Monday to Friday 8.30 am - 1.00 pm on Saturday. The Central Mail Exchange, at DRWijewardene Mawatha, Colombo 10, (Telephone: 326203) is open 24-hours.

Location

:

An island off the south-eastern cost shores of India, 880 km north of the equator, in the Indian Ocean. It lies between 5 ° 55 'and 9 ° 55' north of the equator and between the eastern longitudes 79 ° 42 'and 81 ° 52'.

Feature

:

Encompassed beautiful tropical beaches, verdant vegetation, ancient monuments and a thousand delights to please all tastes. The relief features of the island consist of a mountainous mass somewhat south of the center, with height exceeding 2,500 meters, surrounded by broad plains. Palm fringed beaches surround the island and the sea temperature rarely falls below 27 ° C.

 

  demography

Sri Lanka has a population of 21 million of whom the majority are Sinhalese (74%). Other ethnic groups are made up of Sri Lankan Tamils ​​(12.6%), Indian Tamils ​​(5.5%), Moors, Malays, Burghers (of Portuguese & Dutch descent) and others (7.9%).
Although Sri Lanka is a multi-religious country, Buddhists constitute the majority with 69.3%. Other religious groups are Hindus 15.5%, Muslims 7.6% and Christians 7.5%. Sri Lanka's literacy rate of 88.6% is one of the highest in Asia. Wherever you travel you will come across a Buddhist Temple or Dagaba, a Hindu Kovil, a Christian Church or a Mosque, each with its own distinctive architecture. Sri Lanka is a land of religious freedom and tolerance. 

 

  Climate & Season

In the lowlands the climate is typically tropical with an average temperature of 27 ° C in Colombo. In the higher elevations it can be quite cool with temperatures going down to 16 ° C at an altitude of nearly 2,000 meters. Bright, sunny warm days are the rule and are common even during the height of the monsoon - climatically Sri Lanka has no off season. The south west monsoon brings rain mainly from May to July to the western, southern and central regions of the island, while the north-east monsoon rains occur in the northern and eastern regions in December and January.