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General Information

Country Name


 

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Conventional form

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Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Location

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An island off the south-eastern cost shores of India, 880 km north of the equator, in the Indian Ocean. It locate between 5 ° 55 'and 9 ° 50' North Latitude and between 79 ° 31 'and 81 ° 53' East Longitude.

National Flag    

  

 

 

 

 

National Logo     

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Dstance

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Area

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65,525 sq km

   

Coastline

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1,340 km

   

breadth (West to East)

Length (North to South)


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225 km


 

433 km


Capital


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Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte

Commercial capital




Administrative divisions

 



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Colombo

 

 

 



9 Provinces (Central, North Central, North Eastern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva, Western, Eastern Province)


Government



Independence

Time zone
 
International dialling code

Electricity

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Sri Lanka is a free, independent and sovereign nation. A President, who is also elected by the people, exercises executive power.  Legislative power is exercised by the Parliament, elected by universal franchise on proportional representation basis. Sri Lanka enjoys a multi-party system. In the Republic of Sri Lanka sovereignty is in the People and is inalienable. Sovereignty includes the powers of government, fundamental rights and the franchise

4th February 1948

Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT.

+94

230, 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer

Population

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21.67 million

Population Density (2019)

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348 persons per sq. km

Literacy Rate (2018) 

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Average: 92.5%, Male: 93.4%, Female: 91.6% 

languages

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Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages. Widely English is spoken and understood.
Demography (2012 census report)

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Sinhalese (74.9%), Sri Lankan Tamils ​​(11.2%), Indian Tamils ​​(4.1%), Muslims (9.2%), Burgher (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese colonist) and others 0.5%.

Buddhist constitutes 70.1%, Hindu 12.6%, Islam 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6.2% and Other Christian 1.4%  

Climate

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Low country - tropical, min.24.6 ° C - max.32.3 ° C and Hill country - cooler, min. 18.4 ° C - max. 27.6 ° C. The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July, While the north-eastern monsoon occurs in the north and east in December and January
Highest mountain

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Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest Waterfall

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Bambarakanda, 263m
Economy

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In 1977 Sri Lanka introduced open economy regime becoming the first South Asian country to start with open economy trade policy. Sri Lanka's main exports items are Textiles & Garments, Rubber products, Tea, Spices, Fisheries products, Coconut based products, Gems & Precious Stones. Sri Lanka's main imports are food products, refined petroleum & crude oil, Machinery & Mechanical appliances, vehicles & parts, Iron & Steel, Fabrics etc.

Sri Lanka entered into Free & Preferential Trade Agreements with India, Pakistan, Singapore & member of Regional Trade Arrangements such as Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), SAARC Preferential Trading Arrangement (SAPTA) and South Asia Free Trade Area (SAFTA).

Labor force

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25.3% of the labor population is employed in agriculture, 27.6% in industry and 47.1% in services: 40.4% (2019-Central bank report.) The unemployment rate is 4.4% (2018 est.)

Currency

 

 

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Sri Lanka Rupees

 

Rs 20 Note: Front of the note

 

Back of the note